This is a copy of a Wall Street Journal article that we thought you
might find interesting. Please keep two things in mind as you read:
The Grace Morgan House fee is “all inclusive” – all of our residents require different care and services, but pay one all inclusive
fee. Also, as a resident’s care needs increase, we don’t charge more money.
2. For prospective residents who may
be low income / low assets, Massachusetts has a program which funds assisted living fees (Group Adult Foster Care or GAFC).
Living: New Obstacles
Soaring Prices Make It
Tougher For Seniors to Get in the Door
Waiting Lists and Tricky Fees
By Jeff D. Opdyke, The Wall Street Journal,Originally printed in the Wall Street Journal on Sep 2, 2006
FINDING SPACE IN an assisted-living center -- the increasingly popular low-maintenance residences
for retirees -- is getting tougher.Demand is soaring as the
aging U.S. population goes looking for someplace staffed to help elderly residents with day-to-day tasks (housekeeping, pill-taking
and the like) but isn't a full-blown nursing home. Waiting lists are increasingly common.
Overall, assisted-living centers are near saturation at 95% occupancy nationwide, according
to industry data. It is a dramatic change from as recently as the late 1990s, when there was a glut of space following a building
All of this is placing added burdens on consumers
shopping for a property, either for themselves or for a relative.There
are about 36,000 properties nationwide, but it is tough to compare rival offerings because states have differing approaches
to regulating what services are required and what aren't. In addition, properties often offer different options packages,
making price comparisons tricky."
can become very intricate and figuring it all out can become laborious," says Tom Eklo, an Episcopalian priest in Minneapolis,
who shopped around for some time before recently finding an assisted-living center for his parents, both in their 90s.One center he looked at wanted to charge $8 to deliver a meal to the apartment
if Mr. Eklo's mom couldn't make it to the dining room. "
You have to read the fine print and ask questions
about these kinds of costs," he says.Further boosting
demand: A number of states seeking to lower their health-care costs, including Massachusetts, Texas and New York, have been
revamping their Medicaid programs to let some low-income retirees enter assisted-living centers instead of nursing homes,
which are generally more expensive. (As a rule, consumers generally must pay for assisted living on their own; Medicaid normally
doesn't pick up the tab.)
In Tinton Falls, N.J.,
prices at the Renaissance Gardens at Seabrook have been increasing 5% to 8% a year for the past couple of years and the waiting
list is at six months, up from less than a month in 2004. At Cedar Gardens in Cedarburg, Wis., basic rent rose 3% last year
and an additional 5% increase is likely for January, in addition to higher health-care costs. The center added 25 new apartments
last year to its previous 40 units after hitting 100% occupancy.
Here is a checklist for shopping for a center:-- Know what
you are getting into: Most centers offer studio and one-bedroom apartments, each typically with a private bath. When comparison-
shopping, ask each center to provide an itemized breakdown of services included in the basic monthly rent. Centers typically
will offer, say, access to a registered nurse and housekeeping help.
But these services can vary significantly
-- and if you or your relatives end up requiring help with something that isn't included, costs can pile up.-- Comparison-shopping: What makes shopping so vexing are the different pricing
structures. First of all, prices vary sharply across the country. In Boston, the average basic rent is more than $4,800 a
month. But in Jackson, Miss., it is just $1,642 a month, according to the MetLife survey.
On top of rent, centers add on a health-care fee tied to the level of assistance required.
They also offer an a la carte list of additional services, such as speech-therapy sessions.For instance, at Summit Place, in Eden Park, Minn., the basic "bronze" package is $1,195
a month and caters to people who need little more than help changing the linens and getting dressed. "Platinum"
care, at $2,835 a month, includes morning and bedtime care, such as hygiene and help in the washroom, as well as other assistance.
For comparison, Chelsea Senior Living, which runs centers
in New York and New Jersey, uses an entirely different "points" system. Help getting undressed for a bath is one
point, for instance, while additional help bathing and dressing for bed is three points. Residents spend points any way they
need to; the first 15 points are at no added cost to the base rent of $100 to $165 a day. Beyond that, Chelsea charges between
$30 and $70 a day, depending on how many points are used.
Adding assistance for dementia and Alzheimer's residents can push the monthly price up by thousands of dollars extra.And when it all starts to sound too baffling, there is always this simple strategy:
"If there is any doubt in your mind about a parent's needs, go for the lower level of service to start with,"
suggests Laurie Nielsen in Port Washington, Wis., who cared for her parents for years before recently helping them move to
the nearby Cedar Gardens center. It is always possible to ratchet up the care later.-- How to Shop: Assisted living is largely a private-pay industry. So, first determine the assets
you have available for care, then calculate how much time the money will buy in various assisted-living centers, based on
the level of care necessary.
To help with the calculations:
The average stay in an assisted- living center is roughly two years. Some nonprofit centers allow some impoverished residents
to stay if their money runs out.
Traditional insurance policies
don't pay for assisted living. Long- term care policies do, but many seniors don't have these. When buying a long-term
care policy, be sure the contract specifically allows for assisted living, because some policies limit
coverage to certain types of care.Talk to the residents
and question the administrators, says Sister Regina McTiernan, in Gladstone, N.J., who helped her 94-year-old mother shop
for an assisted-living center. At some places residents told her "they weren't happy" because the center provided
no outside activities, Sister Regina says. "And when I asked a director about her credentials, she had no health-care
background. That raises red flags."And don't forget
to ask if a center is licensed by the state.
The bulk will be. If one isn't, dig into the reason why. It may
be that what is purportedly an assisted-living center is really a group home, which generally offers a lower level of care
and services.Assisted-Living AssistanceSome tips to keep in mind when shopping for an assisted-living center:
-- Comparisons: Look at everything from costs for room rent and health care to staff interaction with residents and the
center's physical grounds. If a parent needs dementia care, are the facilities secured and monitored?
-- Costs: If money is an issue, build a safety net into your calculations.
Monitor assets along the way and scale down early to a less expensive unit as necessary. To cut costs, family members can
provide some services themselves, such as showing up every evening to help a senior prepare for bed.
-- Assessments: Don't try to hide needs as a way to reduce the costs.
They always show up in daily activities. If you question an assessment at one center, have a second assessment done and compare.
-- Staff: A high turnover rate can be disruptive to
the care of residents. Also, what sort of specialized training does the staff have, particularly those dealing with memory-care
patients? Does the center perform criminal background checks on employees?
-- Health Care: Is a nurse on site or on call? What access to the resident does a personal doctor have?
At what point will a center no longer be able meet a resident's care needs? Is the center affiliated with a nursing home
that will provide the resident priority admission?
-- Monitoring: Regularly monitor a senior's activities and the services he or she requires over the first few months
to ensure you or they are paying for the right level of care.